Koryo is the name of an ancient dynasty in the Korean peninsula. The english name of "Korea" originated from the name of this "Koryo" Dynasty which was famed for its cultural achievements such as Koryo ceramics and for the valiant spirit of its people with which they defeated the Mongolians' aggression.
    The word "Kumgang" originally meant "of being too strong to be broken". Also in Buddhism, what can break off every agony of mind with combination of wisdom and virtue is called "Kumgang". The Poomse "Kumgang" is named after Mount Kumgang, symbol of solidity. "Kumgang" is also analogous to "diamond".
    "Taeback" is the ancient name of Mount Paekdu where the legendary Tangun founded a nation for the first time in the Korean peninsula some 4,300 years ago. Poomse "Taeback" takes its principles of movement from the word "Taeback" which means being looked up to as sacred.
    "Pyongwon" means 'vast plain'. the plain is a source of sustaining human life and on the other hand, a great open plain stretching out endlessly gives us a feeling of majesty that is different from what we feel with a mountain or the sea. An application of the providence of the plain which is blessed with abundance and grace as well as boundless vastness into the practice of Taekwondo is Poomse Pyongwon (plain).
    "Shipjin" means 'decimal system' which stands for a symbolical figure of 10 meaning endless development and growth in a systematic order. In Poomse Shipjin, stability is sought in every change of movements.
    According to the oriental belief, all living things come from and return to the earth (Chitae is derived from the meaning of earth). The earth is indeed the origin and terminal of life. Living things as well as all the natural phenomena of the earth originate mainly from the changes and the form of earth. Poomse "jitae" is the movement which applies these features of the earth.
    "Chunkwon" signifies the sky. From ancient times the orientals have always believed and worshipped the sky as ruler of the universe and human beings. The infinitely vast sky may be a mysterious and profound world of imagination in the eyes of finite beings. Poomse "Chunkwon" is composed of the motions which are full of piety and vitality.HANSOO: Poomse "Hansoo" derived from the word 'water' and is typical with its fluidity and adaptability as manifested in the nature of water.
    "Ilyeo" signifies oneness. In Buddhism the state of spiritual cultivation is said to be "ilyeo" (oneness), in which body and mind, I (subject) and you (object), spirit and substance are unified into oneness. The ultimate ideal of Taekwondo lies in this state of Ilyeo. The final goal Taekwondo pursues is indeed a discipline in which we concentrate attention on every movement, shaking off all worldly thoughts and obsessions.